Chitwan Jungle Safari refers to the wildlife adventure activities that take place in the Chitwan National Park, located in the southern part of Nepal. Situated in the subtropical Inner Terai lowlands of south-central Nepal within the Chitwan District, Chitwan National Park holds the distinction of being Nepal's inaugural national park, established in 1973 and subsequently recognized as a World Heritage Site in 1984. The name "Chitwan" literally translates to the heart of the jungle. Renowned for its diverse and thriving ecosystem, the park is a haven for a variety of mammals, reptiles, birds, and more, making it one of Nepal's oldest and most frequented national parks.
Home to approximately 526 bird species, 600 plant varieties, 49 amphibians and reptiles, and 50 mammal species, Chitwan National Park boasts a rich biodiversity. Notably, the park is renowned for its endangered inhabitants, including the one-horned rhino and the royal Bengal tiger. Other wildlife such as wild dogs, wild cats, langur monkeys, deer, leopards, and wild boar also inhabit the area. Additionally, the park is a habitat for endangered amphibians like the Gharial and Mugger crocodiles, along with various reptiles, including pythons.
The park comes alive with diverse bird species, featuring waterfowl, Brahmi ducks, pintails, bar-headed geese, cormorants, and migratory birds from Siberia during winter. In summer, migrated birds such as the paradise flycatcher, Indian pina, and parakeets grace the park with their presence.
Chitwan National Park offers a range of activities for visitors, including jungle walks, jeep safaris, canoeing, elephant safaris, elephant bathing, bird watching, and enjoying sunsets from the Riverbank. The park also provides a cultural experience through Tharu cultural walks, where visitors can witness the Tharu people's traditional stick dance, Jhamta dance, Peacock dance, and more, adding a knowledgeable and meaningful dimension to the visit.