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Mount. Everest 8848M.

MOUNT. EVEREST

"8,848M, the highest mountain in the world"

The highest mountain in the world, Everest; the Nepalese name in Sagarmatha and the Tibetan name Chomolungma. When the survey of India discovered that the mountain they had designated peak xv was the highest mountain in the world. Surveyor general of India suggested it be named after his predecessor, Sir Gorge Everest. After some controversy, the Royal Geographical society accepted the name in 1865. It was eventually discovered that the Sherpas and Tibetans had a local name for the peak. The Tibetan name is usually transliterated as Chomolungma, but the name is more correctly Jomo /Miyo Lan Sangma, the name of the female deity who resides on the mountain. She rides a red tiger and one of the five sisters of long life. It is interesting to note that the Nepalese had no name for the mountain until 1956 when Babu Ram Acharya, a Nepali historian invented the name Sagarmatha, literally meaning “head of the sky”.

Everest has first ascended sir Edmund Hillary of New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa of Nepal on 29th May 1953. The British expedition was led by John Hunt. The first expedition on Everest was led by Lt. Colonel Charles Howard-Bury in 1921. The early attempts were made from Tibet side as. Nepal was closed to outsiders until 1950. Since 1953, more than thousand climbers have climbed Everest and among them, Apa Sherpa has ascended the peak 21 times. The most commonly used route up the mountain is the south-east ridge. Reinhold Messner and Peter Habelar were the first to be the summit without the aid of bottled oxygen and Messner also became the first to accomplish a solo climb.

The first record in Mt. Everest

  1. Reinhold Messner was the first who climbed the Everest solo and without oxygen in 1980
  2. BabuChiri Sherpa spent the longest time on the summit, 21 hours in 1999.
  3. No one climbed Mt. Everest in 1947.
  4. The first female ascent, by Junko Tabei, on 16th May 1975.
  5. The first winter ascent by polish national expedition winter 1979/1980.
  6. The first descent by paraglider by Jean-Marc Boivin in 1988.
  7. The first youngest to reach the summit by Jordan Romero (13-year-old) in 2010.
  8. The first female ascent without supplemental oxygen by Lydia Branday in 1988.
  9. The longest time spent on the summit is 21 hours, achieved by BabuChiri Sherpa in 1999.

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